The Biden administration plans to announce new restrictions on China’s access to U.S. semiconductor technology, according to people with knowledge of the situation, an escalation of Washington’s efforts to stifle Beijing’s industrial ambitions and a risk to growth for the $550 billion sector. The Commerce Department will roll out a package of rules this week to govern which semiconductor technologies can be exported to China, including codifying earlier guidance given to specific companies, said the people, who asked not to be identified as the information isn’t public.  The White House and Commerce Department declined to comment. 

By Jenny Leonard, Ian King, and Eric Martin

U.S. President Joe Biden and Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo (not pictured) hold a virtual meeting with business leaders and state governors to discuss supply chain problems, particularly addressing semiconductor chips, on the White House campus in Washington, U.S., March 9, 2022.

The US has been increasingly focused on limiting access to high-end semiconductor technology, and boosting its own domestic production capacity, as part of its broader strategic competition with the world’s second-biggest economy.

The new measures, previously reported by the New York Times, are expected to include formalizing export restrictions on technology that produces advanced semiconductors, the people said, as well as prohibiting the sale of tools for logic and memory chip production in China and restricting access to chips used in supercomputing and artificial intelligence.

The guidelines will also codify restrictions recently imposed on Nvidia Corp. and Advanced Micro Devices Inc., according to one of the people.